The sedimentological approach in studying areas in
which caves are found in Serbia indicates that most caves are situated
in limestones that were formed in environments linked with carbonate platform
systems. In Eastern Serbia, they are the Kucaj-Tupiznica and Miroc carbonate
platforms, developed during the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous. In
Western Serbia, the systems are the Jadar carbonate platform and the Southwest
Serbian carbonate platform, both developed during the Upper Triassic, together
with a pre-platform stage of the Middle Triassic.